Welcome is Bologna

The locations of the oldest University in Europe

MAP

Over the years, a strong relationship has developed between the city and the University both on an institutional and city level that has left its mark. It is therefore interesting to discover some of the historic study and research locations that have made it famous throughout the world.

The studium, established in 1088 as the original hub of the University of Bologna, did not have a permanent location until the mid-16th century. Doctors therefore held their lectures in their own homes or in halls rented out from the Municipal Authority. Once such example was the Church of San Procolo. Nearby, we can find the Spanish College (Collegio di Spagna) which provided accommodation for students from the Iberian peninsula. We cannot miss the Graves of the Glossatori (Tombe dei Glossatori) in the squares near the churches of San Francesco and San Domenico. Inside the “Quadrilateral”, the square in front of the Church of Santa Maria della Vita leads to the portico of the old Ospedale della Morte attended by medicine students. We then come across Palazzo dell’Archiginnasio, commissioned by Pius IV in 1561 to reunite all the schools part of the studium in a single campus. The seat of the University was transferred to Palazzo Poggi in Via Zamboni by Napoleon in 1802. Along the same street there is the University Library and, in Via Irnerio, the Botanical Garden which is home to unique vegetable specimens from Italy and Europe.

Chiesa di San Procolo

Chiesa di San Procolo

Inside the church there is the Ark preserving the body of Saint Procolo (one of the first Christian martyrs in Bologna) and the church was one of the welcome centres for law students at the University of Bologna.

Collegio di Spagna

Collegio di Spagna

This complex was founded in 1364, by Cardinal Egidio Albornoz, to host Spanish students enrolled in the famous university town.

Basilica di San Francesco

Basilica di San Francesco

This church is the first example of French Gothic style in Italy. It was built between 1236 and 1254 on the initiative of the Franciscan community that stayed in the city already since 1218 with Bernardo di Quintavalle.

Museo Civico Medievale

Museo Civico Medievale

The Medieval Museum in Bologna enlightens visitors about the history of the city, often turbulent. The fascinating collection of bronze statues, armours, handmade products, illuminated manuscripts and monumental tombs is located inside Palazzo Ghisilardi-Fava, nicely painted.

Ospedale di Santa Maria della Morte

Ospedale di Santa Maria della Morte

Just in front of Santa Maria della Vita church, some stairs lead to the majestic portico belonging to the ancient Hospital of Death, which was very popular among medicine students who used the corpses of executed men to make anatomy studies in the nearby university, Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio.

Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio

Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio

The construction of the Palace was commissioned by Cardinal Borromeo between 1562 and 1563 following the project by architect Antonio Morandi called Terribilia; it was to house the lecture halls for the University Study (Law and Arts). Up to 1803 it was the seat of the University and since 1838 it has been housing the Civic Library.

Palazzo della Mercanzia

Palazzo della Mercanzia

Seat of the Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture and Crafts, Palazzo della Mercanzia has governed trading and business activities of Bologna since the late 14th century.

Palazzo Poggi

Palazzo Poggi

The palace, renovated in the mid 16th century probably by Pellegrino Tibaldi, became the new seat of the National University, after the reform of Napoleon's period (1803).

 Collezione di Geologia "Giovanni Capellini"

Collezione di Geologia "Giovanni Capellini"

The Geological Museum  “Giovanni Capellini” was created in 1860 thanks to the geological and the palaeontological finds from the collections of naturalist  Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605),  marquis Ferdinando Cospi (1606-1686) and  military general Luigi Ferdinando Marsili (1658-1730). Nowadays it is the largest and most important italian  palaeontological museum  for vastness and importance of its collections.

Collezione di Zoologia

Collezione di Zoologia

The Museum of Zoology was established in 1860 and it was annexed to the homonymous University Institute as a support to teaching and research. While still maintaining a strong educational vocation, the museum is open to citizen and tourists that will be surprised by the variety of rare and fascinating species exposed.

Orto Botanico

Orto Botanico

The Botanical Garden of the University of Bologna is one of the oldest in Italy. It was founded in 1568 on the initiative of Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605). After several transfers found its permanent home in Via Irnerio, a short distance from Via Zamboni. The total area is about two hectares and on it have grown more than five thousand specimens of native and exotic plants.

Via Zamboni

Via Zamboni

Via Zamboni is a historic road situated in the centre of Bologna. It's about 1 km long and it leads from the Two Towers to Porta San Donato, running through the whole university area.

Piazza Verdi

Piazza Verdi

Piazza Giuseppe Verdi is located in the city centre of Bologna, not far from “le due torri” (the two towers, symbols of the city), crossed by Via Zamboni, university centre par excellence.

Biblioteca Universitaria

Biblioteca Universitaria

The library open its doors to the public in 1756. With the first library decree of the United Italy (1869) the library came to be one of the most important in the country and in 1885 it was officially recognized as of University Status. It is worth remembering that in addition to the Library’s enormous wealth of written and printed heritage – now amounting to over 1.250.000 volumes – it also comprises an art collection made up of over 400 portraits of illustrious figures, while 16th century frescoes.