Furnaces, mills and workshops. What grabs your eye when you see these buildings scattered around the city? What crafts and products do they bring to mind - bread, mechanical products, other? Bologna's beauty also lies in the economic and productive history found in these buildings. They still speak to us due to both their architecture and their reuse as urban spaces for hosting activities and events.
Just outside porta Lame - in the present via Bovi Campeggi - there is the "Sostegno della Bova". It was constructed in 1594 designed by Floriano Ambrosini in place of the old port of Maccagnano, opened in 1284 to bring ships from Corticella up to Bologna.
The Chiusa di Casalecchio is the oldest hydraulic work in Europe still working – in continuous and uninterrupted function. It stands almost in the middle of the Reno river course: 83 km from its source and 128 km from Torre di Primaro where the river flows into the Adriatic sea after having crossed plains of Bologna, Ferrara and Ravenna.
Cineteca di Bologna is located in the ex-Manifattura Tabacchi. Most of the activities offered by the Cineteca take place in Piazzetta Pier Paolo Pasolini, the area where the municipal slaughterhouse used to be, thus creating a kind of audiovisual “cittadella” (a little city).
Manifattura delle Arti (Arts Factory) covers an area of 100,000 square m. It was the city's port between the Renaissance and the 19th century, and with its canals, it was also the mercantile and manufacturing heart of Bologna's economy until the end of the 17th century.
In 1851 a group of nobles and rich bourgeois from Bologna, including the Minister Marco Minghetti and the Count Zucchini, decided to establish a large modern factory for the processing of hemp in Casalecchio di Reno, in the locality of Canonica, incorporating existing buildings that were once paper factories, oil refineries, etc.