The '”Historia bella” tells that Emperor Frederick I of Swabia, known as the Barbarossa (Red beard), was passing through Medicina. Whilst there, he became seriously ill and thanks to a broth in which a snake had inadvertently fallen, he recovered his health. The story also tells how, in recognition of the inhabitants of the town, the Emperor named the town Medicina (Medicine) making it independent of the domain of Bologna, fixing its boundaries and recognising privileges and exemptions.
History, legend and fantasy are the components of the extraordinary collective creativity that give birth to this grand party.
A re-enactment that enthusiastically involves a whole territory. The castellans prepare to welcome the Emperor, the Castle is adorned for a feast, and the tower custodians are responsible for arranging libations and typical local dishes. Barbarossa is an event that has become a fixed date in the annual calendar of Medicina It is plunging for three days in a medieval atmosphere