Bologna's Resistance Museum is housed in the former St Matthias convent, which was built by the middle of the thirteenth century as an annexe to the Augustinian Convent of St Mary of the Monte della Guardia near Saragozza Gate; from 1278 it passed to the Dominican Order. Destroyed during the civic conflicts that occurred after the middle of the XIV century, the convent was rebuilt and starting from 1396 became one of the most prestigious ones in the city; it was suppressed during the French occupation, but it returned to its original function with the advent of the Restoration. The convent was finally bought by the municipality of Bologna in the early XX century. The Resistance Museum collects material concerning the history of the Resistance in Bologna, antifascism in the period between the two World Wars and the role of the Resistance in the postwar period and in the Republican Italy, thus presenting a cross-section of local history from 1919 up to the present day. The museum patrimony is made up of archive material, artistic and photographic pictures, posters, multimedia products, and different kinds of testimonies. An interactive section features new multimedia technologies in order to popularize the various texts. The museum is managed by the Istituto per la storia e le memorie del '900 Parri Emilia-Romagna, which is housed in the same building and provides its cultural service in the historical archive, the library, and the audiovisual and educational sections. Besides carrying out scientific research and cultural promotion activities, the Institute offers school teachers a wide range of educational activities. The Institute houses the Centre for the Historical Political Documentation of Stragismo (Italian Terrorism), the Luciano Bergonzini Institute for the History of Resistance and Contemporary Society in the Province of Bologna, and the National Laboratory for History Didactics, which, too, provide a cultural resource for the museum visitors.
The description is taken from "Musei in Provincia - Bologna una provincia, cento musei" (Bologna Province Museums - Bologna: One Province, One Hundred Museums) and "Istituto per la storia e le memorie del '900 Parri Emilia-Romagna"