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Churches, baptisteries

Basilica di San Petronio

Basilica di San Petronio

Named in honour of Bologna’s patron saint, Petronius – the city’s 8th bishop from 431 to 450, the Basilica is the most imposing (132 by 66m, and 47m high) and most important church in Bologna.

Complesso di Santo Stefano

Complesso di Santo Stefano

Also known as the "Seven churches", the Basilica of St. Stefano is the most peculiar church complex in Bologna. Its origins are still a moot point. For someone it was built in 430 divided into seven churches, in order to symbolically represent the places of Christ’s Passion. Another theory states that the Basilica was built by Saint Petronio, on the ruins of a pre-existent pagan temple.

Santuario di San Luca

Santuario di San Luca

One of the symbols of Bologna: it’s a traditional place of worship because of the Virgin of St. Luke painting behind the altar;  it is also the reassuring visual landmark for Bolognesi returning home.

Basilica di San Domenico

Basilica di San Domenico

One of the richest churches in Bologna for the historical art, it is the Preaching Order’s first creation and guardian of its founder S. Domenico’s mortal remains.

Basilica di San Francesco

Basilica di San Francesco

This church is the first example of French Gothic style in Italy. It was built between 1236 and 1254 on the initiative of the Franciscan community that stayed in the city already since 1218 with Bernardo di Quintavalle.

Chiesa di Santa Maria dei Servi

Chiesa di Santa Maria dei Servi

The Church of Santa Maria dei Servi was built on behalf of father Andrea Manfredi from Faenza and master Antonio di Vincenzo, who had already cooperated for the project of the Church of San Petronio.

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Vita

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Vita

The monumental site of Santa Maria della Vita is the most important example of Baroque architecture in Bologna. It includes the Sanctuary, which houses the famous terracotta sculptures "Compianto sul Cristo Morto" by Niccolò dell’Arca, the Oratorio dei Battuti, and the Museum of Health. Santa Maria della Vita is part of  Genus Bononiae. Musei nella Città.

Basilica di San Giacomo Maggiore

Basilica di San Giacomo Maggiore

The Church of San Giacomo Maggiore is located in one of the most charming squares of Bologna.It was renovated at the end of the 15th century and its style is a pastiche of different forms and features: Romanesque (the façade), Gothic (the sacristy and some chapels), High Renaissance (the nave and other chapels).

Complesso di San Michele in Bosco

Complesso di San Michele in Bosco

Imposing architectural complex which includes the church and the adjacent former convent of the olivetans, one of the greatest and the nicest in Italy. It stands on one of the most panoramic places of the surrounding hills of Bologna and its parvis offers a wonderful view of the city and of the plane till the Alps chain.

Corpus Domini o Chiesa della Santa

Corpus Domini o Chiesa della Santa

Generally known as the "Church of the Saint" for the presence of Saint Caterina de’ Vigri’s incorrupted body, founder in 1456 of the first convent of Clarisse nuns in Bologna, is one of the most important sanctuary of the city for the people’s devotion.

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Pioggia

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Pioggia

The Church of Santa Maria della Pioggia was originally known as Chiesa di San Bartolomeo di Reno because during the Middle Ages the Reno canal flew next to it. The church was then named after Santa Maria della Pioggia, whose painting, still preserved inside the church, portays the Virgin Mary with the Infant Jesus surrounded by seven heads of angels.

Chiesa di San Martino

Chiesa di San Martino

Since the XIII century San Martino has been the cradle of the Bolognese community of the Carmelites Order. The church was built in the first half of the fourteenth century. It was provided with brick vaults in 1457 and with a new facade at the end of the XV century ( then it was reshaped in Gothic style in 1879).

Chiesa di SS. Salvatore

Chiesa di SS. Salvatore

The old church hosted the priests belonging to the Order of the Canons Regular of S. Maria di Reno from the 12th century. The building that can be seen today differs a lot from the original one. The original church was almost totally destroyed between 1606 and 1623 when it was replaced by a monumental building designed by father Ambrogio Mazenta and the architect Tommaso Martelli.

Chiesa dei Santi Bartolomeo e Gaetano

Chiesa dei Santi Bartolomeo e Gaetano

The S. Bartolomeo and Gaetano church was built in the remote past and in the 11th century belonged to the Benedictines of Nonantola. After having lodged a community of Cluniac monks in the '200 it was demolished in 1516 and was replaced by a more imposing building entrusted to the architect Andrea da Formigine.

Complesso di San Giovanni in Monte

Complesso di San Giovanni in Monte

The San Giovanni in Monte Complex is a 16th century monastery building that still today overlooks the bordering portion of the old town centre of Bologna from the artificial "hill". Worthy of note in the refectory is Bartolomeo Cesi's fresco.

Chiesa di San Giovanni in Monte

Chiesa di San Giovanni in Monte

The history of this church, like that of the nearby Complesso di Santo Stefano, makes reference to the symbology of the holy places in Jerusalem.

Chiesa di San Paolo Maggiore

Chiesa di San Paolo Maggiore

The church was built on behalf of the Barnabites (Catholic priests belonging to the Order of the Clerics Regular of St. Paul) between 1606 and 1611 and it was designed by the architect Ambrogio Mazenta.

Chiesa dei Santi Vitale e Agricola

Chiesa dei Santi Vitale e Agricola

The church is supposed to be built on the ruins of the Roman arena where, according to many legends, S. Vitale and S. Agricola were tortured during the Diocletian Empire. Their bodies were identified by S. Ambrogio when he visited Bologna in 392.

Chiesa dei Santi Gregorio e Siro

Chiesa dei Santi Gregorio e Siro

The Church of SS Gregorio e Sirio was built in the old town centre of Bologna in 1532-1535 by Tibaldo Tibaldi and Giov. Antonio di Milano. The church was damaged by an earthquake, and the façade and the vault were rebuilt by Angelo Venturoli.

Chiesa di San Procolo

Chiesa di San Procolo

Inside the church there is the Ark preserving the body of Saint Procolo (one of the first Christian martyrs in Bologna)

Complesso di Santa Cristina

Complesso di Santa Cristina

The Santa Cristina Complex, convent of the Camaldolites restored in the late 15th century, surrounds the quadrangular cloister embellished with decorations. There are remains of frescoes attributed to the school of Lorenzo Costa in the old refectory, today a lecture hall.

Chiesa di Santa Cristina

Chiesa di Santa Cristina

The church of Santa Cristina is open to the public since 2007 and it is one of the most beautiful churches in Bologna. It holds many precious works of art and today it is an important music center.

Chiesa parrocchiale Corpus Domini

Chiesa parrocchiale Corpus Domini

The Corpus Domini Parish was erected in 1975 by the Cardinal Poma. It is situated in the south east part of Bologna (Fossolo 2) and it has now completed its definitive church, designed by the architect Umberto Spagnoli.

Chiesa di San Girolamo della Certosa

Chiesa di San Girolamo della Certosa

S. Girolamo della Certosa is an ancient and imposing monastic centre located on the west side of the city which from the last century has been given over to a public cemetery.

Cenobio di San Vittore

Cenobio di San Vittore

The cenoby, which dates back to far-off times, stands outside Porta Castiglione, not far from the hill of Barbiano, and it is plunged in the greenness of fields and woods.

Chiesa di San Paolo in Monte

Chiesa di San Paolo in Monte

San Paolo in Monte 's Church was built by Minori Osservanti in 1403 and  completely rebuilt in 1828 by Vincenzo Vannini in the neoclassical style.

Rotonda della Madonna del Monte

Rotonda della Madonna del Monte

The church “Rotonda della Madonna del Monte” is a central plan church dating back to the 12th century, located in the park of Villa Aldini.

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Carità

Chiesa di Santa Maria della Carità

This church has been rebuilt in 1583 on the plant of an old church. An extension was built in 1680 by G.B. Bergonzoni. Santa Maria della Carità holds many important works of art by Galanino, Valesio, Cignani, Franceschini, Quaini, Crespi, Carracci, Gandolfi, Calvi and Bezzi.

Cripta di San Zama

Cripta di San Zama

The story of the crypt is linked to the birth of the first Christian community in Bologna. All the bishops of the Bolognese diocese were inhumed here until the 8th-9th century (except San Petronio buried in the complex of Santo Stefano).

Chiesa di Santa Maria e San Valentino della Grada

Chiesa di Santa Maria e San Valentino della Grada

The Church is famous above all because it preserves the remains of the priest and martyr San Valentino. Its name derives from the grada (a metal grille), still visible, through which the Reno Canal entered the walls of the city and that was mainly used to prevent possible enemies to enter the city.

Chiesa Ortodossa San Basilio

Chiesa Ortodossa San Basilio

The Orthodox Church of Saint Basil the Great in Bologna, which is under the canonical jurisdiction of the Patriarchy of Moscow, is the most ancient Orthodox Church in Emilia Romagna, having been founded in 1973 and is situated in the former church of Saint Anne belonging to the Carthusian Fathers.

Sinagoga

Sinagoga

Towards the end of the 18th century the Jewish community slowly  began to come back to Bologna, from where it had been expelled in 1593.

Eremo di Ronzano o Chiesa di San Vincenzo

Eremo di Ronzano o Chiesa di San Vincenzo

The church is located on a hill, surrounded by forest of oak, chestnut, cupressus and olive trees. Originally, it used to be a hermitage of religious nuns in the 12th century. Now, it belongs to the order of Servi di Maria that has transformed the structure into the spiritual centre.

Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta a Pizzocalvo

Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta a Pizzocalvo

The chapel of Santa Maria Assunta rises from the XII century at the end of an avenue of cypress trees on a small hillock, at the confluence of the Zena canal with the Idice river.

Chiesa di S. Martino a Casalecchio di Reno

Chiesa di S. Martino a Casalecchio di Reno

The Church of San Martino in Casalecchio di Reno was founded during the 17th century by the Frati Martiniani. For people coming from Bologna, the church may be suddenly seen after Villa Ghillini. Not so long ago the church used to overlook the entire city of Casalecchio di Reno, from the hill where the church was raised.

Santa Maria della Consolazione Sanctuary

Santa Maria della Consolazione Sanctuary

A Romanesque period church with a sober local sandstone facade, cup-shaped ashlars. Inside there is a polychrome statue of the Madonna di Montovolo (15th-16th century) and a crypt