Named in honour of Bologna patron saint Petronio - 8th bishop of the city from 431 to 450, the Basilica is the most imposing (a length of 132m, a width of 66m, a height of 47m) and important church in Bologna.
Also known as the "Seven churches", the Basilica of St. Stefano is the most peculiar church complex in Bologna. Its origins are still a moot point. For someone it was built in 430 divided into seven churches, in order to symbolically represent the places of Christ’s Passion. Another theory states that the Basilica was built by Saint Petronio, on the ruins of a pre-existent pagan temple.
Traditional place of worship for the presence of an image the Virgin of St. Luca as well as reassuring visual landmark for Bolognese approaching town, the shrine located on top of Guardia hill is one of Bologna's symbol.